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KEY ANSWER FOR SP 1 ENG.1

Posted by dadangiskandar on July 28, 2008

READING 1

Andrea de Silva, the Hollywood actress, has made over 25 films in her career. She started acting at the age of fourteen. She has traveled to many parts of the world, including Australia, South America, and China. I spoke to her last week and she said that her favorite place was Argentina. ‘I went there a year ago when we made the western, ‘Good Times, Bad Times.’ She has won three Oscars. She won her first Oscar in 1987 for her role as the scientist, Kay Brown, in Texas Flower. (Today is April 3, 2007; she is 57 years old).

  1. How many films has Andrea de Silva made for winning the prize?

a. 25 films c. over 25 films

c. less than 25 films d. none

  1. When did she begin acting in her career?

a. 1987 c. 2006

b. 1964 d. 1973

  1. What happened to her in 2006?

a. Acting as a film star for the first time

b. Acting as a film star for, ‘Good Times, Bad Times.’

c. Winning her first Oscar.

d. Winning three Oscars.

  1. The following statements are incorrect, except for:

a. She won her first Oscar when she was about 37 years old.

b. She has made less than 25 films during her career.

c. She never went to Argentina.

d. She won her first Oscar for her role as an artist, Kay Brown, in Texas Flower.

  1. When was Andrea born?

a. 1987 c. 1950

b. 2006 d. 1964

READING 2

Blood plasma is clear, almost colorless liquid. It consists of blood but the red and white blood cells have been removed. It is often used in transfusions because a patient generally needs the plasma portion of the blood more than the other component.

Plasma differs in several important ways from whole blood. First of all, plasma can be mixed for all donors. It does not have to be from the right blood group, as whole blood does. In addition, plasma can be dried and stored, while whole blood cannot.

  1. All of the following are true about blood plasma EXCEPT that ___

    1. it is a deeply colored liquid.

    2. blood cells have been taken out of it.

    3. patients are often transfused with it.

    4. it is generally more important to the patient than other parts of whole blood.

  1. Which of the following is NOT stated about whole blood?

    1. It is different from plasma.

    2. It cannot be dried.

    3. It is impossible to keep it in storage for a long time.

    4. It is a liquid nearly without color.

  1. If a patient of O blood group needs a transfusion of whole blood, then ____

    1. the patient will receive blood plasma.

    2. the patient should be given red and white blood cells.

    3. the donor must be from O blood group.

    4. the donor can be from A, B, AB, or O blood group.

  1. Blood plasma of a donor from B blood group ____

    1. can be given to patients from any blood group.

    2. should be given to patients from the same blood group.

    3. will not be able to store for a long period.

    4. must be transfused immediately.

  1. The word removed in line 2 is similar in meaning with the following, except _____

    1. changed c. taken out

    2. eliminated d. cut off

READING 3

Until now multimedia have been used mainly in the fields of information, training, and entertainment. For example, some museums, banks, and estate agents have information kiosks that use multimedia. Several companies produce training programs on optical disks, and marketing managers use presentation packages like Microsoft PowerPoint or Lotus Freelance Graphics for Windows to make business presentations. All these people have found that moving images, sounds, and music involve viewers emotionally as well as inform them. In addition, this way makes their message more memorable.

Between 80 and 90 per cent of all multimedia applications are distributed on CD-ROM. Some are just on CD, some others are on several media such as Autodesk’s Multimedia Explorer, which comes with both a CD-ROM and diskettes. The reason for CD-ROM’s popularity in multimedia is simple: a single CD can contain 660MB of data. That means it is over 500 floppy disks’ worth of programs, sounds, and graphics. The newest CD-ROM standard, CD-ROM XA (extended Architecture) uses data compression to fit even more on this shiny disc. Many XA drives are also compatible with Kodak’s PhotoCD technology, that digitizes photographs and places them on a CD-ROM.

  1. Paragraph one mainly discusses___

    1. the potential of using multimedia

    2. the images, sounds, and music in multimedia

    3. optical disks as multimedia storage

    4. how to make multimedia presentation

  1. The appropriate heading for paragraph two is ___

    1. Where to get a multimedia CD-ROM

    2. Music and graphic in CD-ROM

    3. CD-ROM is more than just heavy metal

    4. The extended Architecture

  1. CD-ROM is widely used to store multimedia data because ____

    1. it can be stored in diskettes

    2. it consists of 500 floppy disks

    3. it covers 80-90 % of all multimedia applications

    4. it has large capacity up to 660MB

  1. What does pronoun their in paragraph one refer to?

    1. all these people’s

    2. images, sounds, and music

    3. viewers’

    4. message

  1. Pronoun them in the second paragraph refers to ___

    1. XA drives

    2. Kodak’s Photo CD

    3. photographs

    4. digitizes

READING 4

1Acid rain is a form of precipitation (i.e. rain, snow, frozen rain) containing high levels of sulfuric or nitric acids. 2It is marked by pH is below 5.5–5.6. 3This rain is produced when sulfur dioxide and various nitrogen oxides combine with atmospheric moisture. 4As a result, acid rain can contaminate drinking water, damage vegetation and aquatic life, and erode buildings and monuments. 5Automobile exhausts and the burning of high-sulfur industrial fuels are considered as the main causes. 6But natural sources, such as volcanic gases and forest fires, may also be significant. 7It has been an increasingly serious problem since the 1950s, particularly in the NE United States, Canada, and W Europe, especially Scandinavia. 8Even acid rain became a political issue in the 1980s, when Canada claimed that pollutants from the United States were contaminating its forests and waters.

  1. In which sentence we can find information about the regions which have been highly affected by acid rain?

a. 1 b. 4 c. 6 d. 7

  1. The source of acidic substances in atmosphere can be obtained in sentence no ___

a. 1-2 b. 3-4 c. 5-6 d. 7-8

  1. The harmful effect of acid rain is provided by sentence no ____

a. 3 b. 4 c. 5 d. 6

  1. The formation process of acid rain is available in sentence no ___

a. 1 b. 3 c. 4 d. 7

  1. To find the definition of acid rain, we have to look at sentence no ___

a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4

  1. In which sentence we can find the word that has similar meaning to declare?

a. 5 b. 6 c. 7 d. 8

  1. In which sentence we can find the antonym of insignificant?

a. 5 b. 6 c. 7 d. 8

Reading 4 (Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the verbs in brackets)

I. It is 2008. Gold and silver …………ARE…………. (23) (be) scarce. The world needs more of these precious metals. Everywhere people are …SEARCHING.(24) (search) for these minerals but they are not having much luck. Then one day, god news ……IS/WAS HEARD………………(25) (hear). Gold has been ………….(26) (discoverED) in California.

I. Barbara Lively, the writer, is married with two children. She has written over 40 books. She … ………………… (27) (startED) writing after the death of her first husband. She …………………….. (28) (liveD) in many parts of the world, including Japan and India. She ……SPENT……. (29) (spendED/) her childhood in Egypt, but ……CAME….. (30) (come) to England in 1966. Now, She … WROTE. (31) (write) both prose and poetry, but is best known for her romantic novels. She has ……WON…. (32) win many awards, including the Booker Prize which she won in 1988 for the novel Dark Times to Come.

II. Nylon was (33) ……………………………. (inventED) in early 1930s by an American chemist, Julian Hill. Other scientists (34) ………………………….. (workED) with his invention and finally on 27 October 1938, Nylon was (35) ……………… (introduceD) to the world.

III. French (36.have) HAS___ a population of 56.5 million. It has not only the most marriages but also the most divorces in Europe. Many people use credit cards, and they often (37.borrow) ______ money particularly to buy houses. They don’t save much. They (38. own) _____ the most videos and computers in Europe. They like food from many countries, but (39.prefer) _________ their own national food. People from other countries generally (40.not-like) DO NOT LIKE their food.

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