Dadang Iskandar

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General English for IKOM

Posted by dadangiskandar on February 17, 2010

SQ3R – A READING/STUDY SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION

Textbooks are often read in the same way pleasure books are read–begin with the first page of the chapter and read to the end of the chapter, without stopping.  While this method is fine for novels and mysteries, it is not likely to result in the level of understanding and retention needed for most textbooks.  Using SQ3R provides a different method of reading textbooks that will most likely enhance understanding and retention of material.   It’s not a quicker way to read a chapter in a textbook but it is likely to reduce the amount of time one will need to spend studying the material immediately prior to the test.  This is so because more time is spent actually understanding the chapter when it is read initially.  Study time then becomes deepening your understanding of the material.

This program will explain the steps of the SQ3R process and help you decide when to use this method.

SURVEY – gather the information necessary to focus and formulate goals.

  1. Read the title – help your mind prepare to receive the subject at hand.
  2. Read the introduction and/or summary – orient yourself to how this chapter fits the author’s purposes, and focus on the author’s statement of most important points.
  3. Notice each boldface heading and subheading – organize your mind before you begin to read – build a structure for the thoughts and details to come.
  4. Notice any graphics – charts, maps, diagrams, etc. are there to make a point – don’t miss them.
  5. Notice reading aids – italics, bold face print, chapter objective, end-of -chapter questions are all included to help you sort, comprehend, and remember.

QUESTION – help your mind engage and concentrate.

One section at a time, turn the boldface heading into as many questions as you think will be answered in that section. The better the questions, the better your comprehension is likely to be. You may always add further questions as you proceed. When your mind is actively searching for answers to questions it becomes engaged in learning.

READ – fill in the information around the mental structures you’ve been building.

Read each section (one at a time) with your questions in mind. Look for the answers, and notice if you need to make up some new questions.

RECITE – retrain your mind to concentrate and learn as it reads.

After each section – stop, recall your questions, and see if you can answer them from memory. If not, look back again (as often as necessary) but don’t go on to the next section until you can recite.

REVIEW – refine your mental organization and begin building memory.

Once you’ve finished the entire chapter using the preceding steps, go back over all the questions from all the headings. See if you can still answer them. If not, look back and refresh your memory, then continue.

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